Mount Everest

Mount Everest
Top of Mount Everest from Gokyo Valley

Mount Everest is the tallest mountain peak in the world. It is 29,029 feet (8,848m) tall. Everest is so tall that there is 66 percent less oxygen at the top than at the bottom.

Mount Everest is located in the Eastern Himalayas among many of the world’s tallest peaks. The Himalayas is the tallest—and youngest—mountain range on earth. The Himalayas were formed when tectonic plate movement pushed the earth upward 50 million years ago.

Today, half of Mount Everest is in Nepal and the other is in China. The border between the two countries runs across the top of Everest.

Mount Everest on the left and Mount Lhotse o
Mount Everest on the left and Mount Lhotse on the right seen from Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal

Everest is covered in ice, snow, and glaciers year-round. There are frequent earthquakes that can cause avalanches, making it a dangerous mountain to climb.

Weather on Everest can be dangerous too. Temperatures range drastically from as low as -80 degrees Fahrenheit (-62°C) to as high as 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38°C). Hurricane force winds are also common.

In Nepal, Everest is known as Sagamartha, which means “sky head”; in China, Everest is known as Chomolungma, which means “Holy Mother.”

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